Table 2

Multivariable analysis of the association between cesarean delivery and ASD.

Delivery typeNumber of cases/controlsCrudeOdds ratio (95% CI)
*Model 1Model 2
Cesarean section
 Yes34/362.46 (1.40-4.33)2.9 (1.57-5.35)3.41 (1.76-6.58)
  • ASD - autism spectrum disorder, OR - odds ratio, CI - confidence interval

  • * Model 1 adjusted for maternal and paternal age, maternal and paternal education, parity and family income.

  • Model 2 adjusted for the same factors in model 1 in addition to hypertension, UTI and fever during pregnancy